We have all spent time researching and getting to know about the various shades of the country we live in. From North to South, East to West India boasts of a variety of traditions and cultures. The ways of living, cooking, or eating are different everywhere.
Each region has some specific customs which are to be followed and few rules which are taken into account. With such variety and color throughout the country, it can get exhausting to try different regions to visit without having some basic information in mind.
Through his article, we bring to you an extensive record of the vast heritage and culture in the North of India. It has various different festivals, traditional wear, and cuisines. So, the next time you stand at the airport waiting to board your flight to any part of North India, you would know what to expect and what to try out.
Regions and States
Firstly, the North of India encompasses the states of Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. Along with these states, it also consists of the Delhi NCR and the Union Territory of Chandigarh.
When we talk about North India, it is a general term describing the various traditions and cultures of these particular states as a whole. Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar are also a part of North India, culturally.
When we talk about culture, the most significant aspect is the clothes we wear. Each region has some specific piece reserved to it but men, in general, wear a Kurta or Achkan above paired with a Dhoti or lungi below.
Women wear Salwar-Kameez, Ghagra-Choli or a Saree. In some states like Punjab or Chattisgarh, it is compulsory for men of the Sikh community to wear a Pagdi. Urban youth prefer wearing Modern pieces of clothing like Jeans and Shirts.
Wheat is grown in abundance in the North and so forms a part of the staple diet. We can make a variety of flatbreads like rotis, naans, kulchas, or parathas from wheat flour.
These are usually served with side dishes consisting of gravies or curries like Chole, Shahi Paneer, Dal Makhani, and Kadhi Pakodi. The non-vegetarian variants include Butter Chicken, Kheema Masala, Laal Maas, and Gosht. The Biryani is a favorite and part of both the Awadhi cuisine and the Mughlai cuisine.
A variety of snacks such as Samosa, Chaats, Kachoris are also famous eating options. Sweets like Rabri, Ghevar, Petha, Kheer, and Halwa are scrumptious delights.
North India has beautiful buildings and magnificent structures everywhere. Great relics of Mughal architecture are the world-famous Taj Mahal, Red Fort, and various other forts and palaces.
We can also witness grand temples like the Lotus temple, Akshardham, or beautiful Buddhist monasteries in Himachal. Another great structure is the Shanti Stupa located at Bodh Gaya in Bihar where people visit to meditate.
Hindustani classical music is originated from here when it first started in the 12th century. Vedas were sung and hymns were created out of tune and symphonies to spread the message. Shastriya sangeet then evolved a long way to become what it is today.
Indian classical music is composed of basically only seven notes- Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Da Ni. But these seven notes are combined and used miraculously to give birth to great music.
Dance is a very intimate and intrinsic part of our life. It awakens a sense of joy and well being to bond and dance with your people.
Kathak is a beautiful classical dance form from Uttar Pradesh. The Ghoomar in Rajasthan is a beauty to watch and learn. Another fun dance form is the Bhangra and Giddha from Punjab. Some lesser-known and wonderful dance forms to witness are the Kinnauri Nati from Himachal and Kud form from Jammu and Kashmir.
The North of India is thus a truly great and vast land filled with traditional foods and cultures in every nook and cranny. It is impossible to do justice to this grandeur on a single page and we have tried our best to fill in the important details. Do make a point to take out time and visit all these different states. you can find all the detailed information on these individual states and cities on our site.