Founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II in 1727, Jaipur is one of the most visited historical cities in the world. The rich history, the awe-inspiring monuments, the mind-boggling architecture and the insight in the royal lives of the bygone era are few of the factors why Jaipur should be visited at least once in the lifetime. Visiting the most important historical monuments is a major part of any Jaipur trip. Here’s a list of few-
‘Palace of Breezes’ or ‘Palace of the Winds’ is a must-visit spot in Jaipur. The five-storey building is shaped like a honeycomb. Built by Maharaja Sawai Mansingh in the 18th century, the building represents the crown of Hindu God, Krishna. For ventilation purposes, the palace has 953 ‘jharokhas’ or small windows.
The stunning architecture of the building is so done that no matter the season, cold air will always persist. Another purpose of these many windows was for the royal women. The insider will be aware of the happenings outside but from the outside, no one can see anything. The intricate latticework on the windows made sure of that.
Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II, Jal Mahal translates to ‘Palace of Water’. It was used for hunting purposes and summer retreat. The name of the palace is so because it’s situated in the middle of Man Sagar Lake. This five-storey building is so built that 4 of them are underwater. The architecture of the building is the fusion of Rajput and Mughal styles.
The local boats help you cross the lake. Many migratory birds consider this fort to be there indigenous home. Exotic varieties of flora and fauna make this place more attractive. Aravalli hills in the back and clear blue water make it must-visit when in Jaipur.
Set in the heart of Jaipur, is this another fusion of Mughal and Rajput styles of architecture. Not only does it is an awe-striking example of Indian architecture, but the view of the Pink City from here is also fascinating. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II and has two major portions – the Chandra Mahal and the Mubarak Mahal.
Part of Chandra Mahal is turned into a museum to depict the glory of kingdoms. The entrance of Chandra Mahal is adorned by artwork of peacock gates. It shows all the 4 seasons and stories of Hindu Gods.
Maharani Palace and Baggi Khana are the two most enthralling part of this area. Once dedicated to the Royal women, Maharani Palace now exhibits ammunition of that era. Baggi Khana, true to its name, showcases carriages of the palace.
Diwan-E-Khas and Diwan-E-Aam of Mubarak Mahal used to be the gathering place for the royals and are decorated with crystal chandeliers.
English translation of the name means ‘Abode of Tigers’ but it was originally known as ‘Sudarshangarh’. It is located on the rocky ridges of Aravalli. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II had built this fort as a measure of tightening security in this region.
This majestic fort is immensely popular as it overlooks whole of Amer and Jaipur. Nahargarh fort provides a breathtaking panoramic view of Jaipur at nightfall.
Another major attraction of this fort is the well-connected corridors to each room and decorated walls. The royal family used to visit this fort especially to relax in summers. They used to organize picnics and the forest surrounding aided in hunting excursions.
Albert Hall Museum
Built by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh to commemorate the visit of Prince of Wales, Albert Edward. This Indo-Saracenic styled monument was opened to the public in 1880 as a museum.
Surrounded by the Ram Niwas Garden, this beautiful place is one of the oldest centres for art and cultural exploration. Along with historical artefacts and paintings from different parts of the country, there are also 6 Egyptians mummies adding to its vast collection. They were a gift from the Museum of Cairo.
Much like the Jantar Mantar Delhi, it is one of the most popular destinations in Jaipur. The structure is an equinoctial sundial, Samrat Yantra, the biggest dial in the world. Plotting the shadow of Samrat Yantra can predict eclipses and even arrival of monsoons. He was an avid learner of astronomy, architecture and philosophy. Jantar Mantar literally means ‘Calculating Instrument.’
Jantar Mantar consists of 14 geometric devices. They help tabulate astronomical tables, measure time and track the location of stars and the Earth’s movement.
UNESCO declared Jantar Mantar as a world heritage site.
In the Pink City of Jaipur, cradled on the top of the Aravali Hill, lies the Amer Fort. Built by Raja Man Singh, it is one of the most magnificent palaces in India. UNESCO declared it as a world heritage site now.
Amer Fort is located in Amer, Rajasthan which is a part of Jaipur by extension. The Fort stands out for its Hindu characteristics in terms of architecture and design and closely resembles a grand temple.
The relevance of Amer Fort as one of many historical monuments in Jaipur stems from the fact that it was long considered the stronghold of the Rajput Maharajas; Rajasthan’s longest-reigning royal family.
Abhaneri Step Well
Locally, the name is ‘Chand Baori’. The old stepwell has consisted of 3500 narrow steps along with more than 13 stories. The well goes up to 30 m deep in the ground. Hence, it is one of the largest step-wells in the entirety of Rajasthan.
The desert area of Rajasthan had always had scarcity for water. The well helped the villagers and the tradesmen to draw water in the time of thirst.
King Chanda of the Chauhan Dynasty in the 800AD and 900AD gave the orders for the construction of Abhaneri. Engravings of Harshat Mata, Goddess of joy and happiness, can be found on the walls.
Literally meaning ‘Palace of Victory’. The major purpose of this fort was to put up a strong defence and for storing artillery. On the rugged promontory of the Aravalli Hills, called ‘Cheel ka Teela’ or ‘Hill of Eagles’. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II built this 3 km long wall dominated by watchtowers.
Some of the best places to visit here are – Ram Harihar Temple, Kal Bhairav Temple and a museum. ‘Jaivana’, the world’s largest cannon on wheels, adds to the wonderment of this site.
Raja Man Singh I laid the foundation of this building. Mirja Raja Jai Singh later completed the work. The usage of red sandstone and white marble reflects a blend of Hindu-Mughal architecture. While the high walls of the fort were designed for protection, the inner citadel was filled with luxurious amenities.
The scenic backdrop of Maota Lake and the blissful view of sunrise and sunset add to its unmatchable beauty. ‘Sheesh Mahal’ or ‘Palace of Mirrors’ is one of the attractive features of this fort. There are so many mirrors that even a single ray of light can illuminate the whole room.